All children attend primary school or Grundschule between the ages of six and nine. This is where they will gain basic knowledge in reading, writing, mathematics, history, geography and biology. Unlike some other countries, children in Germany are taught religious education. There is usually a class teacher, as well as a music teacher and a P.E. teacher. Children are given between 30 and 60 minutes of homework to do after school.
Pupils, parents and teachers meet during the last (fourth) year of primary school to discuss the next steps in the child’s education. Children who are deemed academically capable can transfer directly to a Gymnasium, a secondary school focused on preparing students to enter a university. Children who need two more years to develop their knowledge and skills are first required to complete a transition stage with a view to transferring to a Gymnasium, Hauptschule or Realschule.